RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE ABUSIVE
Excellent article here
Also, a reminder that ”Coercive Control” (is included in DV/DA law which came into effect in 2015 and is criminal behaviour). Domestic abuse is against the law. In addition, if you feel you are being psychologically manipulated by your partner to the point that you doubt yourself, this is known as ”gaslighting” and is also illegal: see this
English law applies to Islamic marriage, judge rules in divorce case
Husband tried to block divorce petition, arguing couple were married only under sharia law
Harriet Sherwood Religion correspondent
Wed 1 Aug 2018 14.56 BSTLast modified on Wed 1 Aug 2018 20.40 BST
A couple in traditional Muslim wedding attire. Akhter and Khan had a nikah ceremony in London in 1998. Photograph: David Williams/Getty Images
A high court judge has decided that a couple’s Islamic marriage falls within the scope of English matrimonial law, in a ruling that could have implications for thousands of Muslims in the UK.
Nasreen Akhter wanted to divorce Mohammed Shabaz Khan, her husband of 20 years, but he blocked it, arguing that the couple were not married under English law.
Akhter and Khan underwent a religious marriage ceremony, known as a nikah, conducted by an imam in 1998.
This year Akhter, a solicitor, petitioned for divorce, saying the nikah constituted a valid marriage. Khan, a businessman, wanted to prevent Akhtar from bringing a case for a divorce settlement to court, and said they were married only under sharia or Islamic law.
In a written ruling, Mr Justice Williams, who heard the case in the family division of the high court in London, concluded that the marriage fell within the scope of the 1973 Matrimonial Causes Act.
He said the marriage was void under section 11 of the act because it was “entered into in disregard of certain requirements as to the formation of marriage. It is therefore a void marriage and the wife is entitled to a decree of nullity.”
The judge heard that the couple, both 46 and from a Pakistani background, lived in London, Birmingham and Dubai.
Akhter said that after the nikah ceremony in front of 150 guests at a restaurant in Southall, west London, she had seen Khan as her husband and he had “always introduced me as his wife”.
Previous cases involving nikah marriages have concluded that they were legally non-existent, meaning spouses had no redress to the courts for a division of matrimonial assets such as the family home and spouse’s pension if a marriage broke down.
Hazel Wright, a family law specialist at Hunters Solicitors, said the ruling had “given heart to many who otherwise suffer discrimination”. She said it was vital for Akhter that the “English divorce court rule in her favour, that the marriage should be recognised as void and not a non-marriage. Otherwise she would not have any rights to make any financial claims for herself.”
An independent review of sharia councils recommended this year that Muslim couples should undergo a civil marriage as well as a religious ceremony to give women protection under the law.
The review, instigated by Theresa May in 2016 when she was home secretary, found that a significant number of Muslim couples did not register their marriages under civil law, and “some Muslim women have no option of obtaining a civil divorce”.
A survey last November found that nearly all married Muslim women in the UK had had a nikah and almost two-thirds had not had a separate civil ceremony.
Aina Khan, a specialist in Islamic law, said last year: “My experience of 25 years as a lawyer specialising in Islamic marriage and divorce is that this is not only a major problem but a growing problem. My anecdotal evidence suggests that in the last five years the proportion of people under 40 having nikah-only marriages is as high as 80%.”